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Saturday, December 2, 2023

Oldest government college in Andhra Pradesh

Government Arts College Rajahmundry now known as Government College (Autonomous) is on the banks of River Godavari in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, Bharat. It was established as a Zilla Parishad high school in 1853 and upgraded as a Provincial school of Madras Presidency in 1868. It became a college in 1885. It was affiliated to University of Madras in 1891 and reaffiliated to Andhra University in 1926.


It is the first and the oldest Government College in Andhra Pradesh.At the commencement of 19th century, the Government college at Rajahmundry was one of the only three graded Colleges maintained by Government in Madras Presidency, the other two being Presidency college at Chennai and Kumbakonam college at Kumbakonam.

Started by the British, the college imparted Higher Education of European standards under the masterly guidance of academic luminaries from Oxford and Cambridge Universities and produced personae par excellence in all fields of life and learning.

The college was accredited with ‘A’ grade by National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) in 2004 and the first Government College in Bharat to be accredited with ‘A+’ in 2017. At present, it is an autonomous institution and affiliated to Adikavi Nannaya University, Rajahmundry since 2000. 

This autonomous college has 24 departments and offers graduation and post-graduation courses in Arts, Commerce and Science. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the second President of Bharat and a world renowned philosopher, worked as a philosophy lecturer (1917-19) in this college. 

Notable alumni of this college

  • Tanguturi Prakasam, first Chief Minister of Bharatiya province Andhra state.
  • V. K. Krishna Menon, former Defence Minister of Bharat
  • Gadicherla Harisarvottama Rao, freedom fighter and founder of library movement in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Kurma Venkata Reddy Naidu, lawyer, professor, politician and Justice Party leader who served as the Chief Minister of Madras Presidency.
  • Justice Koka Subba Rao, former Chief Justice of Supreme Court,  Justice M. Krishna Rao, Justice M. S. Ramachandra Rao, Justice V. Parthasarathi former Justices of Andhra Pradesh High Court.
  • Renowned artists Adivi Bapiraju and Damerla Rama Rao. 

The above distinguished personalities were alumni of this prestigious college, to name a few. 

The college library is not only the oldest but also one of the biggest libraries available in government colleges. It has a rare collection of books including some books which were published in the year 1800 A.D. It has very good collection of books in English, Telugu, Urdu, Tamil, Sanskrit, and Oria language and Literature.

The College Library has a total Collection of more than 80,000 books as on date, relating to various subjects. Now it is a fully computerized along with C.C. cameras. It is a good resource center for readers. The library is run with vast infrastructure consisting of building with double ducked iron racks and reading room. The books in this library are digitized.

The College is situated in a sprawling campus of 38 acres. It has old and new buildings with spacious class rooms resembling a blend of both ancient tradition and modernity. Sports facilities such as professionally built Tennis Court, Volleyball Court and Basket Ball Courts are available in the College ground.  

Well-equipped labs in the fields of botany, zoology, chemistry, physics, geology and others are in place and the class rooms are conducted with latest technology and the sessions are live streamed. Biometric attendance is in place for the students. This college has around 5100 students, 180 faculty and 80 non-teaching staff.

The author had the privilege to attend UGC-CPE (University Grants Commission- College with Potential for Excellence) Sponsored National Workshop on “Financial Literacy for Financial Well-being” on 18th February, 2020 conducted by the Faculty of Commerce and Economics of Government College (Autonomous), Rajahmundry and deliver a speech on “Recent Developments in Insurance Sector”. 

The state of the art technology in this college is not only at par with but even much ahead of the same in several B Schools in our country. Hopefully this college will very soon become a deemed university, a status that is well deserved. 


(Featured image source:

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Dr. B.N.V. Parthasarathi
Dr. B.N.V. Parthasarathi
Ex- Senior Banker, Financial and Management Consultant and Visiting faculty at premier B Schools and Universities. Areas of Specialization & Teaching interests - Banking, Finance, Entrepreneurship, Economics, Global Business & Behavioural Sciences. Qualification- M.Com., M.B.A., A.I.I.B.F., PhD. Experience- 25 years of banking and 16 years of teaching, research and consulting. 200 plus national and international publications on various topics like- banking, global trade, economy, public finance, public policy and spirituality. One book in English “In Search of Eternal Truth”, two books in Telugu and 38 short stories 50 articles and 2 novels published in Telugu. Email id: [email protected]


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