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Thursday, May 30, 2024

Islamic Bangladesh Strangles Spirit of Liberalism

Secular bloggers, Hindus bear the brunt

Only a few days back, Janab Hasanul Haq Inu (Minister of Information, Government of Bangladesh), came forth with startling information. According to him, Bangladesh, at the moment, is close to a massive terrorist onslaught thanks to the presence of (almost) 8, 000 Islamic extremists (trained under Osama Bin Laden) across the country. Alleging the presence of a brawny, coherent network between autocratic military personnel, indigenous extremists and the global terrorist network, he explained how Bangladesh is involved in a dangerous battle against all these.

Nevertheless, after all these expressions of despondency, the minister was found to have confidence on the governance along with security agencies to inhibit this nasty design of establishing Khilafat across Bangladesh. He ended the meting with press stating, “None can remain completely secured. We have adopted all measures so that terrorists can’t repeat Brussels and Paris-styled attacks in the Bangladeshi soil. I have fought against terrorism for the whole of my life. I had undergone harsh training, during the War of Liberation, in India and led a battalion of 10,000 guerilla warriors. We would inflict the greatest defeat on terrorism in Bangladesh”.

This is Bangladesh, at the moment, and contrary to the belief of any Bharatiya confiding historical facts of how Bharat helped in its creation, following a protracted, violent struggle of 9 months. Hindu Bangladeshis had expected the emergence of a new Bangladesh, bathed in sacrosanct ideals of liberation, where the minority would be at par with the majority; the fallacy crushed (with a bang) within the alleged secular reign of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman himself.

Despite a popular grievance, a general amnesty was shown to Bengali Muslims who had joined the Pakistan Army willingly. For example, Lieutenant Colonel Firoz Salahuddin, responsible in recruiting Razakars (private army to help Pakistanis in the war), remained with Pakistan till the end of battle but was rehabilitated in the Bangladeshi Army and rendered higher designation, later on. According to pundits, this grave error reinstated the scourge of Islamic fundamentalism in Bangladesh, witnessing nadir by now.

Meanwhile, the ascension of Awami League and its formation of government in 2014 without a popular mandate invited criticisms from across the globe but as Bangladeshis suggest till date, the overwhelming support of Bharat (ruled by Congress then) proved to be the greatest benediction for Sheikh Hasina in this regard. Not only the Hindus but activists of liberalism also expected that the Awami government would be true to its pledge of retaining secular spirit but the later developments proved to be otherwise.

The chronicle of establishing International War Crimes Tribunal and death sentence to Abdul Quader Mollah on December 12, 2013 divided the nation into two extensive, incompatible groups and the protest that had commenced in Shahbag, and countered by Islamists throughout Bangladesh through arson and violence, shows no signs of ending yet.

The execution of Abdul Quader Mollah, leader of Jamaat-e-Islami, on December 16, 2013 at 10 pm not only inflicted one of the worst persecution of Hindus and other minorities in the recorded history of Bangladesh, it added a fillip to the scourge on liberal Muslims, especially secular Muslim bloggers, that had already been initiated with the horrific murder of Jafar Munhsi and Rajeeb Haider in the earlier months of same year following the announcement of Mollah’s death sentence in February, 2013.

It is worth mentioning that Rajeeb, hacked to death by machete-wielding men in the Mirpur area of Dhaka, was one of the most prominent faces in the Shahbag protest demanding exemplary punishments for Islamists supporting Pakistan in 1971 and taking part in crimes against humanity. This brutal execution, to be precise, opened a floodgate to a series of exterminations unabated till date.

The next victims were Arif Hossain Dwip (April 9, 2013), Ziauddin Zakaria Babu (December 11, 2013), Mamun Hossain (January 2, 2014), Jagatjyoti Talukder (March 2, 2014), Avijit Roy (February 26, 2015), Washiqur Rahman (March 30, 2015), Ananta Bijoy Das (May 12, 2015), Niloy Neel (August 7, 2015), Faisal Arefin Dipan (October 31, 2015) and Nazimuddin Samad (April 6, 2016).  The Bangladesh Interior Ministry, in 2013, had got a list of 84 ‘atheist’ bloggers from radical Islamists and rest of the inventory is yet to be completed.

What has been the response of Bangladeshi Government?

If people and media are to be believed, it is lackadaisical. While a few people with strong links to Islamic terror groups and liable for murders have been put behind bars and some bloggers have received police security, Bangladeshi press and media term it as tokenism. Contrary to expectations, a few bloggers have also been arrested allegedly for defaming Islam along with closing down several websites by force.  Human rights organizations term this as government’s best endeavor to appease Mullahs for political benefits.

The emergence of Bangladesh Awami Olama League, a hard-core Islamic religious outfit affiliated to reigning Awami League, and its efforts to outmatch Jaamat in gratifying Islamist aspirations do authenticate the worst apprehension.

How far the apathy of governance goes is proved from the recent statement of Janab Asaduzzaman Khan, Hon’ble Home Minister of Bangladesh, where he dubbed Israel as responsible for the spate of murders of bloggers and minorities. And just a few hours after this statement, an aged Hindu priest named Sri Gopal Ganguli was hacked to death at Mahishadanga area in the district of Jhinaidaha; the crime has been claimed by IS.  While, as per Bangladesh Hindu-Bouddha-Christian Oikya Parishad (Council), 262 incidents of minority persecution took place in 2015, it’s more than 500 in the first 6 months of 2016 and Islamist cadres of Awami League are found to perpetrate most.

Where does Bangladesh go from here? To many, if preemptive measures are not adopted before long, Bangladesh would become the next and perhaps more violent edition of Afghanistan within the next decade.

Before I go, let’s glance at the list of Islamic terror outfits operating in Bangladesh – Afghan  Parishad; Ahle Hadis Andolan; Ahle Hadis Jubo Sangha (AHJS); Ahle Hadis Tabliga Islam; Ahsab Bahini (suicide group); Al Haramaiyen (NGO), Al Harat Al Islamia; Al Islam Martyrs’ Brigade; Al Islami Sanhati Parishad; Al Zazira; Al Jihad Bangladesh; Al Khidmat; Al Kurat Al Islami Martyrs; Al Markazul Al Islami; Al Mujahid; Al Qaeda; Al Syed Mujahid Bahini; Al Tanjib; Al Ummah; Allar Dal; Allar Dal Brigade (Suicide Group); Al Iamma Parishad; Amanatul Farkan Al Khairia; Jamirat-E-Din; Amra Dhakabasi; Anjumane Talamzia Islamia; Ansarullah Muslamin; Arakan Army (AA); Arakan Liberation Front (ALF); Arakan Liberation Party; Arakan Mujahid Party; Arakan People’s Army; Arakan Rohinga Force; Arakan Rohinga Islami Front; Arakan Rohinga National Organization (NRNO); United Student Association Of Arakan Movement; Ibtedadul Al Muslima; Iktedul Tahal Al Muslemin; Iktedul Tuhal-Al-Muslemin (ITM)…..and the list goes on……

The tide could have been checked still and somewhat, had Bharat, greatest neighbor to Bangladesh, remained more rigorous and also vigilant of the growth of this nemesis. But the allegedly emerging superpower seems to be lost in its own trance of rectitude where fundamentals of democracy have been supplanted by complacency and conciliation to retain power. After all…….Struggle is the Father of All Things….and it counts most in the cosmos, whether domestic or international political arena.

By Animitra Chakraborty (journalist and human rights activist)

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