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Sunday, June 23, 2024

Time to retire the myth of “1000 years of Muslim rule”

Even the most aware Bharatiyas somehow seem to subconsciously consider all Turkic rule in Indian subcontinent as “Mughal” and that they ruled “India” for 1000 years. This is like saying all South Bharatiyas are same. Read on to understand the distinction and truth for once and for all.

Few facts you need to fully internalize to decolonize your mind from Marxist lies. Invaders never governed all Bharat – max 70%. The total was hardly 500 years split between a different sultanates. And it was era of “confrontation” not “slavery”. Bharatiyas finally won.

Delhi sultanate – Qutubuddin Aibak from Kyrgyzstan stated Mamluk dynasty in Delhi 1206 CE. This was followed by the Khilji, Tughlaq, Sayyid and Lodi dynasties which fell to Babur in 1526 CE. Other than raids for money and women, their influence didn’t go beyond Delhi, Punjab, UP.

Mughal empire – Started in 1526 CE and not 1000 years ago as people assume. By 1707 Aurangzeb died and empire collapsed within 10 years. By 1726 CE, Mughal emperor was a puppet under Maratha in a small area around delhi. This “empire” (mafia actually) lasted barely 200 years.

Bahamani sultanate/ Deccan sultanate – First independent Islamic rule in South by Ala Uddin Bahman Shah in 1347 CE. This later broke into 5 different Deccan sultanates Ahmadnagar, Bidar, Birar, Bijapur and Golconda. All of which were consumed by Mughal by 1687 CE.

Gujarat sultanate – A break off of the Tughlaqi empire this independent sultanate lasted from 1407 to 1573 CE after which it was consumed into Mughal empire.

Malwa sultanate – Founded by Afghan Dilawar Khan in 1392 and lasted till 1562 CE after which Akbar consumed it into the Mughal empire.

Nawabs of Awadh – Establishes in 1724 by a Persian called Sadaat Khan as semi autonomous body of Mughal empire after is collapsed post Aurangze’s death. It aas finished in mutiny of 1857 by British.

Bengal Sultanate from 1342 to 1576 was a Sunni Muslim break off from Delhi sultanate, with Bengali, Turco-Persian, Pashtun, Arab & Abyssinian elites.Its two prominent dynasties were Ilyas Shahi and Hussain Shahi Sultans. Eventually absorbed into Mughal empire as a “subah”.

Nawabs of Bengal – Bengal subah was richest Mughal subah covering Bengal, Bihar, Orissa. Surya Narayan Mishra converted to Quli Khan and started this independent nawabhood in 1717. It was over after battle of Plassey 1757 with only titular nawabs.

Nizams of Hyderabad – In 1724 Mughal weakened, and Asaf Jah became virtually independent. Later Hyderabad became a vassal of the Maratha Confederacy, losing a series of battles through the 18th century. British took over after that but till 1948 there was a titular Nizam.

Kashmiri sultans – Shah Miri dynasty was the first Islamist rule in Kashmir starting 1339 CE. Akbar eventually absorbed it into the Kabul subahand& Shah Jahan carved a separate subah. Post Mughal decline Kashmir also had Afghan Durrani rule.

Hyder Ali and Tipu sultan – This was a barely 40 a year blip in the radar of otherwise Mysore Hindu raja rule from 1760 to approx 1800. And even with this small opportunity Tipu did his best to Islamize and inflict barbaric atrocities on subjects.

So if you do the basic math, the first formal Islamic rule stats in 1206 (Mamluk) and by 1707 CE (post Aurangzeb) it’s all but over except titular pockets. Basic Math tells me that it’s 500 years not 1000. even this 500 years is only in certain areas well resisted by locals.

Next time anyone consciously or subconsciously lionizes them or says things like “we ruled you for 1000 years” etc., please send them to this article and correct them by saying “we whacked & kicked you out within 500 years”.

(This article has been compiled from the tweet thread originally tweeted by Itihasika – The Culture Zone (@itihasika) on January 1, 2023.)

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