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Monday, March 20, 2023

Sinauli chariots & shields – is it another step closer towards further debunking the Aryan Invasion myth?

A theory is only as good as the proofs it produces and an arbitrary one is certain to fail in the face of evidence. The Sinauli (Sanauli) excavations provide more armour to question Max Muller’s arbitrary Aryan Invasion Theory (AIT) that western ‘Indologists’ and their ‘brown sahibs’ have been peddling.

The question of the origin of Bharatiyas

One of the long-standing historical issues has been the issue of the identity and origin of Bharatiyas. Max Muller propounded that ‘fair-skinned Aryans’ invaded Bharat from the Central Asian steppe and pushed ‘dark-skinned Dravidians’ to the South after ‘destroying’ their civilization.

After archaeologists failed to discover a single sign or evidence of an invasion after over a century of searching, it is now claimed that the Aryans ‘migrated‘ into Bharat. Post-independence evidence has piled up invalidating the theory that Aryans invaded or migrated from outside the geographical realm of Bharat’s civilization and evidence has only accumulated with each passing decade.

In fact, evidence now points towards the westward expansion of populations from within Bharat. This is known as the Indigenous origin or out-of-India theory (IOT/OIT). This includes linguistic, literary, archaeological, hydrological, genetic, and other pieces of evidence.

“All of this evidence points in the same direction: that rather than Bharat being invaded by ‘Aryans’ around 1500 BCE, it was ancient Bharatiyas who expanded rapidly westward around 2500 BCE — a massive, rapid, male-mediated demic expansion (imagine warriors on horses) — and brought Indo-European languages, culture and genes throughout Europe and as far west as the British Isles”, writes Abhijit Chavda.

Rakhigarhi DNA analysis

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has been excavating sites along the Sindhu-Sarasvati River. Each site is throwing up archaeological evidence that, along with genetic evidence, further strengthens the IOT/OIT theory.

As more and more sites of what is actually the Saraswati-Sindhu Civilization (SSC) are being dug up, overwhelming archaeological, linguistic and other evidence is coming out in the public domain, thus rendering the AIT irrelevant, false and outdated.


5000-year-old DNA evidence from the largest SSC site of Rakhigarhi in Haryana conclusively proves that present-day Bharatiyas are direct descendants of the SSC people and that so-called Aryans neither invaded nor migrated to Bharat. DNA and other evidence from Rakhigarhi indicate that SSC was indeed the Vedic civilization that continues to be practised even today. We have earlier highlighted how the Rakhigarhi DNA analysis busts the Aryan Invasion myth.

With this background, we shall take a look at Sinauli excavations where chariots and shields have been found further strengthening the OIT.

Sinauli excavations – chariots and shields

One of the major factors on which the Aryan Invasion migration myth rests is the ‘horse’. Western hegemonic narratives held that horses were brought to Bharat by ‘invading Aryans’ from Central Asia around 1500 BCE.

Hence, the discovery of chariots and shields at Sinauli is significant, to say the least. It is not just the discovery of chariots but also the fact that they are dated to 2000 -1800 BCE that puncture another hole in AIT. Interestingly, Sinauli’s etymology associates it with the making of chariots & weapons and its location is close to several places mentioned in the Mahabharat.

Image of a coffin with its chariot

The findings are a first of its kind in the whole of the subcontinent, where men have been buried with their chariots, indicating a warrior class residing near the Ganges river 4000 years ago.  Previously such chariots were found to be a part of Mesopotamia, Georgia, and Greek civilisations and the findings in Sinauli put Bharat’s ancient civilisation at par with them.

The chariots have a fixed ankle connected to a tiny yoke through a long pole. The ankle, chassis, and wheel are similar to present-day chariots and animals, particularly horses, are said to have drawn them. Other findings include swords, daggers, copper chest shields, and helmets confirming the presence of a warrior class in the Ganga plains.

While much has been said and written about the Sinauli chariots, the shields discovered along with the chariots are equally fascinating if not more. The shields were shaped like the number 8. These seals bear a striking resemblance to a Chanhudaro seal dated to around the third millennium BCE. Two sword-wielding warriors or deities are seen next to the shield.

Similar number eight-shaped shields are seen in several other seals such as those from Eastern Iran, Mycenaean, a Hittite seal dated to 1400-1200 BCE, and a neo-Hittite seal dated to around the tenth century BCE among others. After it ceased to be used in wars, its use as a cultural sacred symbol continued as seen in an ancient Greek crater belonging to 750-650 BCE.

Anthropomorphic figures with horns unearthed at Sinauli are yet another evidence of OIT. Even the Rigveda has references to horned deities and this discovery provides archaeological evidence for Vedic scriptural reference.

This is, however, too vast a topic requiring deeper research. Suffice here to say that as more excavations are undertaken, deeper studies of archaeological evidence and symbols are conducted,  and other scientific evidence such as genetics are explored, the western narrative imposed on Bharat and Bharatiyas will be challenged and overthrown.  


  1. Information and pictures from Jaydeepsinh Rathod’s thread (Archived)
  2. Aryan Invasion Myth: How 21st Century Science Debunks 19th Century Indology by AL Chavda (Source)
  3. Secrets of Sinauli: Discovery of the century (YouTube video by Out & Out Videos)
  4. Sinauli: The Discovery of Forgotten India (Shortpedia article)
  5. What 4200-year-old Sinauli finds say on ancient Indian women warriors (My India My Glory article)

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A opinionated girl-next-door with an attitude. I'm certainly not afraid to call myself 'a proud Hindu' and am positively politically incorrect. A Bharatiya at heart who loves reading, music, sports and nature. Travelling and writing are my passions.


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